Ethics is the systematic study of morality. The scriptural foundation and authority for moral law, ethics, and civil justice is summarized below. A just society practices retributive justice in the context of government under the rule of law. Leviticus 24:17-23

God’s Perfect Moral Law Standard, Fallen Man’s Impossible Requirement, the True Believer’s Pursuit by Faith

“You, therefore, are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.”  Matthew 5:48

Golden Rule

Lk 6:31   And just as you will that men do to you, do to them similarly.

Two Greatest Commandments

Mt 22:36 “Teacher, which command, great in the law?”

Mt 22:37 He then was saying to him, “‘Love the Lord your God in your whole heart, and in your whole soul, and in your whole mind;

Mt 22:38 this is the great and first command.

Mt 22:39 “Second then, like it, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’

Mt 22:40 In these two commands the whole law hangs, and the prophets.”

Ten Commandments, (Ten Words)

Then God spoke all these words, saying, “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.

1  “You shall have no other gods before Me.

2  “You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. “You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

3  “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

4  “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.  “Six days you shall labor and do all your work,  but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. “For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

5  “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the Lord your God gives you.

6  “You shall not murder.

7  “You shall not commit adultery.

8  “You shall not steal.

9  “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

10  “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”  Exodus 20:1-17

Pursuing Just Law by Faith in God in Christ

Ro 9:30 What therefore shall we say? That gentiles not pursuing justice obtained justice, the justice then by faith,

Ro 9:31 Israel then pursuing the law of justice arrived not at the law.

Ro 9:32 Why? Because not from faith, rather as from works, they stumbled at the stone of stumbling,

Ro 9:33 even as written,
“Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and rock of offense, and one believing upon Him shall not be ashamed.”

Divine Just Law, the Believer’s Delight

Ps 119:70 “… I delight in Your law.”

Law Governing Speech

Ep 4:29 Each rotten word from your mouth let not out, but rather something good for building from the need, that it may give grace to those hearing.

Ep 4:30 And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, by which you are sealed for the day of redemption.

Ep 4:31 All bitterness and wrath and anger and shouting and blasphemy lift from you with all vice.

Ep 4:32 Become then to one another kind, gracing yourselves, just as also the God in Christ has graced you.

Col 3:8 Now then put from you also all anger, wrath, evil, blasphemy, base-speech from your mouth.

Col 4:6 Your word always in grace with salt seasoned, to see how one must, you to each one, answer.

Prov. 16:23 The heart of the wise instructs his mouth
And adds learning to his lips.

Mt 12:34 Begotten of vipers, how are you able to speak good, being evil? For from the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.

Mt 12:35 The good man from the good treasure expels good, and the evil man from the evil expels evil.

Mt 12:36 I say then to you that each useless word which men will speak, they will deliver concerning it account in the day of judgment;

Mt 12:37 for by your words you will be justified, and from your words you will be condemned.

Mk 7:15 There is nothing from outside of the man, entering into him, which is able to profane him, rather the things proceeding from the man, these are profaning the man.

Retributive Justice Designed into this Life, Related to the Next

Ga 6:7  Be not misled, God is not ridiculed. Whatever therefore a man sows, this also shall he reap;

Ga 6:8  that one sowing to the flesh himself from the flesh shall reap destruction, one then sowing to the Spirit from the Spirit shall reap life eternal.

Ga 6:9  The good then doing, let us not be discouraged, for in due time we shall reap, not fainting.

Marriage and Family Life Instructions

Ep 5:21 Subordinate to one another in fear of Christ,

Ep 5:22 the wives to their own husbands as to the Lord,

Ep 5:23 because husband is head of the wife as also the Christ head of the church, He Savior of the body;

Ep 5:24 but as the church subordinates to the Christ, thus also the wives to the husbands in everything.

Ep 5:25 The husbands, love the wives, just as also the Christ loved the church and gave Himself over for her,

Ep 5:26 that her He would sanctify, cleansed by the washing of the water in word,

Ep 5:27 that He would present to Himself glorious the church, not having spot or wrinkle or anything like these, but that she would be holy and unblemished.

Ep 5:28 Thus ought the husbands love their own wives as their own bodies. One loving his own wife loves himself.

Ep 5:29 For no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes her, just as also the Christ the church,

Ep 5:30 since we are part of His body.

Ep 5:31 Against this, a man shall leave father and mother and conjoin with his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.

Ep 5:32 This mystery is great; I so say in Christ and in the church.

Ep 5:33 Only also you, those to a one, each his own wife, thus love as himself, the wife also, that she would fear the husband.

Ep 6:1 The children, obey your parents; for this is right.

Ep 6:2 Honor your father and mother, the which is the first commandment with a promise,

Ep 6:3 that it should be well with you and you will be a long-time upon the earth.

Ep 6:4 Also the fathers, anger not your children, rather nourish them with training and instruction from the Lord.

Marriage, a sacred institution of God’s design and creation, is between a man and a woman, to freely express, practice, learn, maintain, and model love and faith for Christ, the couple, their children, relatives, friends, and community.
Mt 19:3-12

Love never falls, it raises, lifts.
1 Co 13:8

Marriage is for life.
Mt 19:8-9 1 Co 7:10-11

Dangers to Marriage and Family

God condemns divorce, as antithetical to faith and family.
Mal 2:14-16; Mt 19:4-12; Mk 10:2-9; 1 Co 7:10-13

God in Christ exposes the cause of divorce as hardheartedness.
Mt 19:8; Mk 10:5

Reconciliation and reunification is required of a couple separated or divorced. 1 Co 7:11, Co 3:13-15

Remarriage to another further hardens the heart and defiles the soul.
De 24:1f, De 24:3-4; Je 3:1; Mt 5:32; 19:9; Mk 10:11-12; Lu 16:18; 1 Co 7:11

Fornication acted out is the only instance in which a wronged believer may lawfully divorce his or her spouse since fornication, although immorally, affects a new one-flesh union belonging exclusively within marriage. Mt 5:32, 19:9; 1 Co 6:16

When the divorcer is not a believer, no marital obligations remain for the divorced believer. This passage neither teaches nor supports desertion as a biblical or moral ground for divorce or remarriage.
1 Co 7:15

Unbiblical preaching and oration fails to strengthen families in the true faith and are partly to blame for the breakdown of families.

Unbiblical churches invent laws, rightly called legalisms, supporting divorce and remarriage with little or no regard for the inevitably damaging consequences. God only allows divorce as He allows sin, by concession for a time.

De 22:13-19; 28-29

Is 50:1; Je 3:8

Abortion, a euphemism for murder. Civil societies which legalize abortion do so against the moral law and commandment of God. All who have chosen or supported another in the choice to murder a child should, according to biblical moral and civil law, receive the death penalty for this great evil. Societies which do not practice justice in this manner err. Those left free by this further injustice should repent, change their mind, confess this evil, and pray that God would forgive this sin and minimize the effects of this curse in the lives of family and community members influenced and harmed. This principle of curse and repentance applies also to divorce itself, its advocates, and their generations.

Good and Evil

Man’s ancient enemies are the same today, the world, the flesh, and the Devil. “We see that we are from God, and the whole world lies under the evil one.” 1 John 5:19Ephesians 2:2-3  The Devil and his demons are no less missionary today than in Jesus’ day. As believers in relation to God and one another, we must continually see, recognize, acknowledge, renounce, and pray to God for release from the activity and influence of demons, for ourselves and our loved ones. “For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.”  Ephesians 6:12

Helpful Scriptural Statements of Ethics

There is one human race.

Other race names and descriptions are divisive fictions.

Differences in religion and philosophy, including judicial, political, cultural, and linguistic are real and significant.