Ethics is the systematic study of morality. Below is a summary of the scriptural authority and foundation of morality, ethics, and civil and retributive justice. For example, when a life is taken, the life of the one responsible is to be taken by the civil authorities. So a just society practices retributive justice. Leviticus 24:17-23
God’s Perfect Moral Standard, Fallen Man’s Impossible Requirement, Believer’s Pursuit
“You, therefore, are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.” Matthew 5:48
“Then just as you desire that men do to you, do to them likewise.” Luke 6:31
Two Greatest Commandments
Mt 22:36 “Teacher, which command, great in the law?”
Mt 22:37 He then was saying to him, “‘Love the Lord your God in your whole heart, and in your whole soul, and in your whole mind;
Mt 22:38 this is the great and first command.
Mt 22:39 “Second then, like it, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’
Mt 22:40 In these two commands the whole law hangs, and the prophets.”
Ten Words, Ten Commandments
Then God spoke all these words, saying, “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
1 “You shall have no other gods before Me.
2 “You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. “You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
3 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.
4 “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. “Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. “For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.
5 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the Lord your God gives you.
6 “You shall not murder.
7 “You shall not commit adultery.
8 “You shall not steal.
9 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.” Exodus 20:1-17
Pursuing the Law of Justice by Faith in God in Christ
Ro 9:30 What therefore shall we say? That gentiles not pursuing justice obtained justice, the justice then by faith,
Ro 9:31 Israel then pursuing the law of justice arrived not at the law.
Ro 9:32 Why? Because not from faith, rather as from works, they stumbled at the stone of stumbling,
Ro 9:33 even as written,
“Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and rock of offense, and one believing upon Him shall not be ashamed.”
Morality and Justice, the Believer’s Delight
Ps 119:70 “… I delight in your law.”